Title: Adenine base editors catalyze cytosine conversions in human cells
Author: Heon Seok Kim, You Kyeong Jeong, Junho K Hur, Jin-Soo Kim, Sangsu Bae
Adenine base editors comprise an adenosine deaminase, evolved in vitro, and a Cas9 nickase. Here, we show that in addition to converting adenine to guanine, adenine base editors also convert cytosine to guanine or thymine in a narrow editing window (positions 5–7) and in a confined TC*N sequence context. Adenine base editor–induced cytosine substitutions occur independently of adenosine conversions with an efficiency of up to 11.2% and reduce the number of suitable targeting sites for high-specificity base editing.